Producer Resources


Producers may have up to five lactating dairy cows, or ten lactating dairy goats or sheep.  You may have both cows and goats/sheep if you consider the formula that two goats or sheep equals one cow, i.e., three cows and four goats/sheep.  We all understand that two goats/sheep are not equal to one cow, but legislators do not understand the nuances and this is what we have.

Sales may take place at a farm, home or “traditional community social event” as defined by SB199 or other location agreed to by the producer and consumer.

Producers must inform end consumers that anything they sell has not been licensed, permitted, certified, packaged, labeled, or inspected per any official regulations.

Producers must test every six months for standard plate count, coliform count, and somatic cell count. (Milk samples may be co-mingled.) Brucellosis testing once a year. Test results must be maintained for two years and provided to Department of Livestock if Livestock suspects the small dairy is causing a foodborne illness.

Producers may not donate milk to a “traditional community social event” as defined by the bill. (It seemed it was a concern that people wouldn't know what they were getting if the product wasn't purchased.)

Producers are now able to advertise.

Producers are responsible to learn all of the requirements.  Full bill language here.  Much of the legalese in the bill is a requirement that the bill drafter must include all the relevant existing laws and how those are changed by this law.  Much of the information is pertaining to Grade As and doesn't include us, so you want to look at the parts of those sections where an underlined phrase says "Except for a small dairy" [5 cows, 10 goats or less] or "Except for milk or cream sold as homemade food or a homemade food product pursuant to [sections 1 through 3]" or "Except for milk produced from a small dairy as defined in 81-21-101"

TEST KITS may be obtained from in Idaho (this is the company we recommend, there are others).  The MT state lab will not accept small producer milk. There are lots of other great resources at UH as well.  See below for testing number standards to shoot for.

For help at UH, call Stormy at 877-398-1360 and ask for the Homestead Kit and mention that you got the information from Raw Milk Montana.

If you call them before you ship your test sample, they will let you use their UPS account, which gives you a 50% discount on shipping (without the discount, this runs $60-70 depending on zip code)!

They have also removed the $10 fee to ship your Homestead Kit to you. 

There will be a one time $60 fee for UH to set up your custom account and to spend time to find out your needs and to help you trouble shoot issues that may arise for the duration of the time you use their services.  These are highly experienced and seasoned professionals.  The owner, Dr. Britten, is a veterinarian with degrees in epidemiology and microbiology.  His daughter Justine, the lab director, has a PhD in Veterinary and Dairy Science and she is a member of our Facebook group page.  UH gets glowing reviews from several of our producers.  We are so grateful to have them in our corner!  

Some of our goat producers like for goat testing.

TESTING NUMBER STANDARDS:  Several producers have asked what testing numbers to shoot for.  Given Udder Health's education, expertise and experience in the field, we are recommending the numbers they came up with for us as goals for safe milk.  Part of the benefit of going with UH is they will help you navigate all this.

The link to their FAQs and suggested numbers follows, but simply put, they recommend a coliform count of less than 15 CFU/ml, standard plate count less than 5,000/ml and somatic cells less than 200,000/ml for cows, and double that for sheep/goats.


You can request your vet to send blood sample to the following accredited labs to do your yearly Brucellosis testing (goats and sheep too)

Washington State University Animal Diagnostic Lab – accredited, state to state and US to Canada 

Idaho State Lab

Montana State Lab (MSL will not accept small producers' milk samples for bacteria testing.) does do goat brucellosis testing (but not cows).  They are not accredited, but do use Idexx tests, which are nationally recognized.  They work with UC Davis and their faculty.  Vets from most states and Canada use them.  They are in California, which is known for tough standards.  Many of our goat producers use them and may continue to.

The lab does not have to be accredited, but our opponents are already threatening litigation against SB199 and the state is already giving false information about nonexistent hoops they claim you need to jump through to comply with the law, so we are wanting to make sure they have nothing to complain about when they try to make more burdensome regulations next session.

There are other labs you may use.  These are tried and true labs.


We encourage producers to take simple on-line food safety courses (Bozeman doesn't do on-line, must do in person) which gives you a certificate and is nationally recognized.  

Recommended by our attorney (not required):

Montana Food Handler Class (an hour for a certificate)


Montana Food Handler Training (2 hours, $25, stronger certification - click the "food handler training" tab)



Farm to Consumer Legal Defense Fund can help producers with legal issues and resources. Their foundation has great resources here:

Weston A Price Foundation


RAWMI (Raw Milk Institute – Mark McAfee)

We recommend Peggy Beals (Pathologist Dr. Ted Beals' wife - an RN) book "Caring For Fresh Milk" for $6 at this site (S&H included! Bulk Rate discount of 25 copies for $87.50)

Farm to Consumer Foundation books “How to Care For Milk” come in a cow edition and a goat edition, and are $20 a piece


FACEBOOK COMMUNITY RESOURCES:   (Some examples of where Montana producers are able to find support)


Come Boss! Dairy Cow Information and Support.

The Guernsey Cow

Cow Talk

Women in Agriculture

Thrifty Homesteading
Holistic Goat Care
Successful Goating with Rosie
Goat Vet Corner (you have to follow the rules, but only veterinarians can answer)

Goat Webpages: 
Fiasco Arms
The Goat Spot